The Varying Styles of Jazz: A Road Map

Jazz Since its emergence at the beginning of the 20th Century from African musical heritage, jazz music has been an incredibly influential part of American culture. Take a listen to some of the various forms jazz music has taken over the years:

Early Jazz:

The earliest forms of jazz came to be in the late 1800s/very early 1900s. The style was known as “ragtime” or “playing hot” and really took off in New Orleans. Bands consisted of violin (eventually replaced by guitar), cornet, clarinet, trombone, drums, double bass (eventually replaced by a banjo and a tuba) and one or two wind instruments. Syncopated notes and rhythms became highly popular with audiences. 카지노사이트


Swing, also called “Big Band” is characterized by a forward propulsion imparted to each note by the players. It first surfaced between 1914-1926, and made a re-emergence around 1930. While this robust, invigorating style is generally performed by a group of at least 10-16 pieces, it is not limited to large ensembles. Swing is popular as dance music, so this fostered an immediate connection from people to the music.


Bebop was developed in the mid-1940s, and is a more complex version of New Orleans style and swing. The intricate melodies and harmonic structure were the beginning of the earliest pop songs. Scat singing along with soloist improvisation is commonly used to accompany the rhythm of Bebop tunes. Bebop separated itself from swing by considering itself an art form, rather than commercial dance music.

Hard Bop:

Characterized by dark, soulful pitches, blues-like melodies, gospel-like chord progressions and emphasized drumming, Hard Bop made its emergence in the 1950s and 1960s. Hard Bop is a sophisticated, diverse style. 안전한카지노사이트

Post-Bop/ Non-Free:

This form of jazz is a modern reexamination and restructuring of “Bop” elements. It was most popular between 1958 and 1973, and is a combination that can be difficult to immediately identify.


Cool jazz was prevalent in the late 1940s through approximately 1964. It is perceived as a subdued style; understated as well as emotionally “cool.” The tones and harmonies of cool jazz were softened and smoothed out as compared to Bop and Swing.


Sometimes called “Avant Garde,” Free jazz is a style not derived from Bebop. The music is generally without chord progressions or any sort of arrangement. True Free jazz soloists do not play with an ensemble in order to give a truly impulsive and “free” performance. Free jazz emerged mainly between the 1950s and 1980s. 카지노사이트 추천


Fusion is a style of music that fuses jazz with rock, soul and funk. It was most popular from 1968-1984, and had an energy unlike no previous style. While this was an innovative and commercially popular style of jazz, Fusion did not go over as well with many jazz purists because of the cross-over with other styles.

Wharton Center is thrilled to be presenting three distinct jazz performances in our 2015-2016 season. Hugh Masakela and Larry Willis: Friends will begin the series on December 1st, followed by Mack Avenue Superbandon March 29th. Lastly, rising star Bria Skonberg will grace the Pasant stage on April 27th.

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